The occasional papers of the Centre for Historical Analysis and Conflict Research.

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – UK and NATO today

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The UK remains powerful. The UK has an unparalleled network. We are a Nuclear Power and a permanent member of the UN Security Council,...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Terrorism Future Trends

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With the military defeat of so-called Islamic State in 2018, many experts and commentators expected the threat from terrorism to decline. But recent events...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Strengthening C2 and...

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Just over 70 years ago, The Washington Treaty was signed by the 12 founding nations at the Departmental Auditorium of the State Department in...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Russian Challenges to...

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While NATO’s northern and eastern flanks usually receive the bulk of strategic attention, rather less tends to be said about the southern flank. Although...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Russian Challenges to NATO...

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Russia has become central to NATO’s thinking. The statement following the 2018 Brussels summit noted that “Russia’s aggressive actions, including the threat and use...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – NATO The Enduring...

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NATO has proven its ability to adapt to changing circumstances many times over its history. Since the Wales Summit in 2014 NATO has turned...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Introduction

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NATO, we are repeatedly told by politicians and the denizens of both the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Ministry of Defence, sits at...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Cyber Threats to...

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I have been asked to address the subject of cyber threats to NATO. I interpret that as not just threats to NATO as an...

Ares & Athena – Issue 16 – NATO Today – Cohesion and...

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Today’s strategic environment is characterised by persistent competition between states, most of all between the West, Russia and China, but also more broadly as...

Operationalising Deterrence in the 21st Century

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"The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting" – deterrence in the land environment is an ageold concept and recalling...